commonly a ring
engraved with some device (Gen. 38:18, 25
"wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal" (1 Kings 21:8
). Seals are frequently mentioned in Jewish history (Deut. 32:34
; Neh. 9:38; 10:1
; Esther 3:12
; Cant. 8:6
; Isa. 8:16
; Jer. 22:24; 32:44
, etc.). Sealing a document was equivalent to the signature of the owner of the seal.
"The use of a signet-ring by the monarch has recently received a remarkable illustration by the discovery of an impression of such a signet on
at Koyunjik, the site of the ancient Nineveh.
This seal appears to have been impressed from the bezel of a metallic finger-ring. It is an oval, 2 inches in length by 1 inch wide, and bears the image, name, and titles of the Egyptian king
Sabaco" (Rawlinson's Hist. Illus. of the O.T., p. 46). The actual signet-rings of two Egyptian kings (Cheops and Horus) have been discovered. (See SIGNET.)
The use of seals is mentioned in the New Testament
only in connection with the record of our Lord's burial
). The tomb was sealed by the Pharisees
and chief priests for the purpose of making sure that the disciples would not come and steal the body away (ver. 63, 64). The mode of doing this was probably by stretching a cord
across the stone
and sealing it at both ends with sealing-clay. When God
is said to have sealed the Redeemer,
the meaning is, that he has attested his divine mission (John 6:27
is a seal, an attestation of the covenant
). Believers are sealed with the Spirit,
as God's mark
put upon them (Eph. 1:13; 4:30
). Converts are by Paul
styled the seal of his apostleship, i.e., they are its attestation (1 Cor.
9:2). Seals and sealing are frequently mentioned in the book
(5:1; 6:1; 7:3; 10:4; 22:10).