one of the most important products of Palestine.
The first mention of it is in the history of Noah
). It is afterwards frequently noticed both in the Old and New Testaments, and in the ruins of terraced vineyards there are evidences that it was extensively cultivated by the Jews. It was cultivated in Palestine before the Israelites took possession of it. The men sent out by Moses
brought with them from the Valley
a cluster of grapes so
large that "they bare it between two upon a staff" (Num. 13: 23
). The vineyards of En-gedi (Cant. 1:14
), Heshbon, Sibmah,
; Jer. 48:32, 34
), and Helbon
), as well
as of Eshcol, were celebrated.
is compared to a vine
), and Christ
says of himself, "I am the vine" (John 15:1
). In one of his parables also (Matt. 21:33
) our Lord
compares his Church to a vineyard which "a certain householder planted, and hedged round about," etc.Hos. 10:1
is rendered in the Revised Version,
"Israel is a luxuriant vine, which putteth forth his fruit," instead of "Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit
unto himself," of the Authorized Version.