(1.) The first encampment of the Israelites after leaving Ramesses (Ex. 12:37
); the civil name of Pithom
(2.) A city on
identified with Tell Dar'ala, a high mound, a mass of debris, in the plain
north of Jabbok
and about one mile
from it (Josh. 13:27
). Here Jacob
(Gen. 32:17, 30; 33:17
), on his return from Padan-aram
after his interview with Esau,
built a house
for himself and made booths for his cattle.
The princes of this city churlishly refused to afford help to Gideon
and his 300 men when "faint yet pursuing" they followed one of the bands
of the fugitive
Midianites after the great victory at Gilboa.
After overtaking and routing this band at Karkor,
Gideon on his return visited the rulers of the city with severe punishment.
"He took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness
and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth" (Judg. 8:13-16
). At this place were erected the foundries for casting the metal-work for the temple
(1 Kings 7:46