(1.) The fifth son of Jacob.
His mother was Bilhah,
Rachel's maid (Gen. 30:6
, "God hath judged me", Heb. dananni). The blessing pronounced on
him by his father
was, "Dan shall judge
his people" (49:16), probably in allusion to the judgeship of Samson,
who was of the tribe
The tribe of Dan
had their place in the march through the wilderness
on the north side of the tabernacle
(Num. 2:25, 31; 10:25
). It was the last of the tribes to receive a portion in the Land of Promise. Its position and extent are described in Josh. 19:40-48
The territory of Dan extended from the west of that of Ephraim
to the sea. It was a small territory, but was very fertile. It included in it, among others, the cities of Lydda, Ekron,
which formed its northern boundary. But this district was too limited. "Squeezed into the narrow strip between the mountains and the sea, its energies were great beyond
its numbers." Being pressed by the Amorites
and the Philistines,
whom they were unable to conquer, they longed for a wider space. They accordingly sent out five spies
from two of their towns, who went north to the sources of the Jordan,
and brought back a favourable report regarding that region. "Arise," they said, "be not slothful to go, and to possess the land," for it is "a place where there is no
want of any thing that is in the earth" (Judg. 18:10
receiving this report, 600 Danites girded on their weapons of war,
and taking with them their wives and their children, marched to the foot of Hermon,
and fought against Leshem, and took it from the Sidonians, and dwelt therein, and changed the name of the conquered town to Dan (Josh. 19:47
). This new city
of Dan became to them a new home, and was wont to be spoken of as the northern limit of Palestine,
the length of which came to be denoted by the expression "from Dan to Beersheba", i.e., about 144 miles.
"But like Lot
under a similar temptation,
they seem to have succumbed to the evil influences around them, and to have sunk down into a condition of semi-heathenism from which they never emerged. The mounds of ruins which mark
the site of the city show that it covered a considerable extent of ground. But there remains no record of any noble deed wrought by the degenerate tribe. Their name disappears from the roll-book of the natural and the spiritual Israel.", Manning's Those Holy Fields.
This old border city was originally called Laish.
Its modern name is Tell el-Kady, "Hill of the Judge." It stands about four miles below Caesarea Philippi,
in the midst of a region of surpassing richness and beauty.
(2.) This name occurs in Ezek 27:19
, Authorize Version;
but the words there, "Dan also," should be simply, as in the Revised Version, "Vedan," an Arabian city, from which various kinds of merchandise were brought to Tyre.
Some suppose it to have been the city of Aden in Arabia.